Posted by
Message
Trumansfangs
Missouri Fan
Town & Country
Member since Sep 2018
1535 posts

Putting the 'bang' in the Big Bang
ScienceDaily <--- Much more here :)


Image: https://www.sciencedaily.com/images/2019/10/191025130414_1_540x360.jpg



Just before the Big Bang launched the universe onto its ever-expanding course, physicists believe, there was another, more explosive phase of the early universe at play: cosmic inflation, which lasted less than a trillionth of a second. During this period, matter -- a cold, homogeneous goop -- inflated exponentially quickly before processes of the Big Bang took over to more slowly expand and diversify the infant universe.

Recent observations have independently supported theories for both the Big Bang and cosmic inflation. But the two processes are so radically different from each other that scientists have struggled to conceive of how one followed the other.

Now physicists at MIT, Kenyon College, and elsewhere have simulated in detail an intermediary phase of the early universe that may have bridged cosmic inflation with the Big Bang. This phase, known as "reheating," occurred at the end of cosmic inflation and involved processes that wrestled inflation's cold, uniform matter into the ultrahot, complex soup that was in place at the start of the Big Bang.

"The postinflation reheating period sets up the conditions for the Big Bang, and in some sense puts the 'bang' in the Big Bang," says David Kaiser, the Germeshausen Professor of the History of Science and professor of physics at MIT. "It's this bridge period where all hell breaks loose and matter behaves in anything but a simple way."

Kaiser and his colleagues simulated in detail how multiple forms of matter would have interacted during this chaotic period at the end of inflation. Their simulations show that the extreme energy that drove inflation could have been redistributed just as quickly, within an even smaller fraction of a second, and in a way that produced conditions that would have been required for the start of the Big Bang.

The team found this extreme transformation would have been even faster and more efficient if quantum effects modified the way that matter responded to gravity at very high energies, deviating from the way Einstein's theory of general relativity predicts matter and gravity should interact.

"This enables us to tell an unbroken story, from inflation to the postinflation period, to the Big Bang and beyond," Kaiser says. "We can trace a continuous set of processes, all with known physics, to say this is one plausible way in which the universe came to look the way we see it today."

The team's results appear today in Physical Review Letters. Kaiser's co-authors are lead author Rachel Nguyen, and John T. Giblin, both of Kenyon College, and former MIT graduate student Evangelos Sfakianakis and Jorinde van de Vis, both of Leiden University in the Netherlands.



EveryoneGetsATrophy
LSU Fan
Member since Nov 2017
1068 posts

re: Putting the 'bang' in the Big Bang
Thought you had nudes of Kaley Cuoco?
This post was edited on 10/29 at 6:28 pm


TheHarahanian
LSU Fan
Duh
Member since May 2017
10706 posts

re: Putting the 'bang' in the Big Bang


Replies (0)
Replies (0)
30
Commander Data
Alabama Fan
Titletown, USA
Member since Dec 2016
6163 posts
 Online 

re: Putting the 'bang' in the Big Bang
I am not sure I believe in inflation. It is certainly the best explanation to why we have a pretty even temperature differential across the cosmos but we can obviously never test or measure for it. Most physicists just seem to accept it by "faith". Thanks for posting.
This post was edited on 10/30 at 4:07 pm


Replies (0)
Replies (0)
10
Miznoz
Missouri Fan
St. Louis
Member since Dec 2018
373 posts
 Online 

re: Putting the 'bang' in the Big Bang
What fascinates me most about the inflation is that it means there was a time where every in the universe was with in the temperature range for liquid water.

You start thinking about aliens, but I believe for the most part it was only hydrogen present so nothing complex could really form. Huge stars supernova pretty quick though, so maybe enough stuff was produced for some interesting things to happen


Replies (0)
Replies (0)
00
reauxl tigers
Chicago Cubs Fan
Tiger Woods Fan
Member since Aug 2014
2442 posts

re: Putting the 'bang' in the Big Bang
I love learning random shite about space.


Replies (0)
Replies (0)
10
Trumansfangs
Missouri Fan
Town & Country
Member since Sep 2018
1535 posts

re: Putting the 'bang' in the Big Bang
quote:

Thought you had nudes of Kaley Cuoco?


The Big GangBang Theory ?


Replies (0)
Replies (0)
10
first pageprev pagePage 1 of 1next pagelast page
refresh

Back to top

logoFollow SECRant for SEC Football News
Follow us on Twitter and Facebook to get the latest updates on SEC Football and Recruiting.

FacebookTwitter